THE BIO-FUEL EQUATION
1 x Tonne of wet Bio-Mass yields ~2MWt of Thermal Energy from this energy is about...
1⁄3 is required to sustain the System
1⁄3 can be converted into high-grade energy, such as electricity
1⁄3 can be converted into low-grade energy, for process heating
Operating conditions can modify this equation around project requirements.
There are currently significant amounts of Bio-Mass waste available from various Forestry and Agricultural operations. Bio-Mass is grown by the photosynthesis of Carbon Dioxide (“Green House Gas:”) and water together with Solar Energy, due to the action of the chlorophyll in plants, Thus, Bio-Mass has a negative carbon footprint.
THE HERMAL BIO-ENERGY PROCESS
The key factor is to locate the processing of the Bio-Mass very close to where the Bio-Mass resources are grown. This is essential to minimize costs of transport & handing (Logistics)
Bio-Mass consists of about 50% of water, by weight. This Sustainable, Renewable Process effectively & efficiently converts Bio-Mass into BIO-ENERGY & the Bio-Gas can be converted into a market competitive & environmentally attractive Bio-Chemical or Bio-Plastics.
BIO-MASS STORAGE & DRYING
The Bio-Mass is collected at a key central location, processed & fed into a Dryer, powered by the Bio-Energy (low grade heat energy) produced by this System. The moisture content can be varied and is controlled to be optimum for the end use requirements of this Process.
Typically —-The Bio-Mass is dried from 100% moisture content to around 20% MC or 10% MC (according to requirements). This drying process yields clean water
There are three phases of products from this Process
Solid = Bio-Char
Liquid = Pyrolytic condensibles from the Bio-Gas
Gas = Non condensibles as well as un-condensed Hydrocarbons
The Pyrolysis reaction conditions can be varied and controlled to produce the optimum yields & combinations of these products, depending upon the commercial requirements of the System. All Bio-Mass contains some small quantities of Inorganics (e.g. Potassium, Sodium, Silica, Calcium, Chlorine, etc.) —- These will cause problems if included in a BIO-FUEL for engines, as they will form ash during combustion & foul the cylinder heads, as well as corrode other components, therefore, the ash must be targeted early and removed (scrubbed) out from the BIO-FUEL
Our “Kibria Cyclone Vortex Burner“ can easily utilise such inorganics included in the fuel. Pyrolysis can also produce Hydrogen under certain reaction conditions. Whilst engines don’t like Hydrogen, Bio-Chemicals do, and we have a lot of flexibility in operating our Pyrolysis. This chemically modified ("enriched") BioGas is called BioSynGas.
Variations to this equation are determined based on the source of Bio-Mass and Moisture content
Reactor to meet the highest & best Commercial Outcomes by providing the optimum mix of products